Latest Posts

Victorian Bournemouth (82): Hengist Lodge (2)
1st Period

Hengist moves to Bournemouth

Introduction Hengist, a Masonic lodge established in Christchurch, moved to Bournemouth in 1851. Analysis of its early members provides insight into the resort’s early economy. The transfer marked an important stage in Bournemouth’s development, not least for the town’s relationship with Christchurch. Hengist Background and arrival The surviving list of Warden Masters suggests that Christchurch […]

The Belle Vue: early Bournemouth’s community centre
1st Period

The Belle Vue: Bournemouth’s community centre

Introduction The Belle Vue, a prominent hotel equipped with or connected to an assembly hall, featured often in community activities held at early Victorian Bournemouth. These events taken together illustrate the range of activities that gathered the town’s inhabitants, permanent and temporary. The Belle Vue Boarding house, hotel, community centre At first a boarding house, […]

Crime and punishment in early Victorian Bournemouth
1st Period

Crime in early Victorian Bournemouth

Introduction Crime and punishment in early Victorian Bournemouth featured in the resort’s press coverage. The early settlement lay within the jurisdiction of Christchurch’s Petty Sessions. Felonies ranged from petty theft to arson, the latter causing much concern to local landholders. Magistrates consisted of local prominent men, for the most part landowners, but also a sprinkling […]

Early Bournemouth in its success impacted rural commerce
1st Period

Early Bournemouth depressed some rural commerce

Introduction Early Bournemouth in its commercial success may have had a negative impact on a category of business in rural Greater Westover. Young shoemakers, resident in a part of this area, appear to have built a commercial combine based on ties of kinship and friendship. Successful at first, its members later drifted away leaving only […]

Victorian Bournemouth (102)
1st Period

Cultural Life at early Victorian Bournemouth

Introduction Cultural life began early in the public world of Victorian Bournemouth. Press references suggest that, for the most part, it emphasised music, but other activities occurred. The presence of pianos in auctioneers’ advertisements testifies to the symbolic as well as perhaps actual importance that music played in private lives. Advertisements by music teachers also […]

Greedy lodginghouse keepers blighted early Victorian Bournemouth
1st Period

Greedy lodginghouse keepers: a blight

Introduction Greedy lodginghouse keepers featured in a series of letters written to the Poole & Dorset Herald in 1854. Their author, Dr A.W.P. Pinkerton, adopted as his theme the ‘Capabilities of Bournemouth’. Pinkerton’s subject consisted of invalids, his concern lying in their obtaining the best conditions. He dwelt much on the standards of housing and […]

Female entrepreneurs at Victorian Bournemouth
1st Period

Female entrepreneurs at Victorian Bournemouth

Introduction Female entrepreneurs appear to have played a major if not the main role in the key business category of lodginghouses at early Victorian Bournemouth. Female entrepreneurs Women in charge Although the documentation suggests that men participated in running some lodginghouses, female entrepreneurs perhaps took the lead in operations. Other evidence shows that for two […]

Lodginghouses: a business opportunity for women
1st Period

Lodginghouses: opportunity at early Bournemouth

Introduction Lodginghouses developed into an important part of early Victorian Bournemouth’s economy, the fluid nature of the category reflecting the dynamics of the ever-expanding town. Not least, this business afforded opportunities for women to establish personal and economic independence. Early trends The earliest found directory (1849) listed a single lodginghouse keeper, Mrs Slidle. Before going […]

Victorian Bournemouth (90)
1st Period

Social networks and success in Victorian Bournemouth

Introduction Social networks of people originating from the same Dorset district may have helped migrants achieve success in early Victorian Bournemouth. This post continues the focus on the hinterland framed by Cranborne and Wimborne. Social Networks Background Inhabitants of the area defined by Wimborne, Cranborne and the two rivers Allen and Crane migrated around it […]

Immigrant contribution to local culture from females
1st Period

Immigrant contribution to local culture from females

Introduction Immigrant contribution to local culture has formed part of the analysis already discussed for the Wimborne, Cranborne, Crane River and Allen River hinterland, a fertile recruiting ground for early Victorian Bournemouth. This analysis goes further by exploring immigrants’ demography, in particular gender. Rural migration Natives account for around half of residents On average, around […]